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Tuesday, October 7, 2014

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

Prenatal BPA exposure associated with diminished lung function in children

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 02:43 PM PDT

Prenatal exposure to bisphenol A, a common chemical used in some plastics, appears to be inconsistently associated with diminished lung function and the development of persistent wheeze in children.

If you want an antibiotic, see your doctor later in the day

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 02:43 PM PDT

Doctors appeared to 'wear down' during their morning and afternoon clinic sessions, and antibiotic prescribing rates increased the later the day got. "This corresponds to about 5 percent more patients receiving antibiotics at the end of a clinic session compared to the beginning," explained a reseracher. "Remedies for this problem might include different schedules, shorter sessions, more breaks or maybe even snacks."

Sex difference in distance running has disappeared for participation but not for competitiveness

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 12:21 PM PDT

When it comes to distance running participation, even among contemporary U.S. distance runners, men are still much more likely than women to have a competitive orientation, according to researchers.

'Broad consensus' that violent media increase child aggression

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 11:20 AM PDT

Majorities of media researchers, parents and pediatricians agree that exposure to violent media can increase aggression in children, according to a new national study.

Simple lifestyle interventions during pregnancy can prevent children from becoming obese

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 08:39 AM PDT

In a study that followed more than 2,200 obese women during pregnancy, scientists found that some simple interventions can help prevent high birth weights in newborns. This is important because previous studies have shown that infants with a high birth weight have a greater risk of becoming obese as children or adults.

Less than half of Canadians exercise to relieve stress

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 08:38 AM PDT

People were more likely to cope with stress by problem-solving, looking on the bright side, trying to relax, talking to others, blaming oneself, ignoring stress or praying, rather than being active, a new study has found.

Link between breast implants, cancer under investigation

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 06:46 AM PDT

Cases of possible association between breast implants and a form of lymphoma that may develop tumors at a later stage is currently under investigation. The researchers conclude that breast implants can cause a new subtype of the rare yet malignant lymphoma known as ALCL.

Gaming vs. reading: Do they benefit teenagers with cognition or school performance?

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 06:44 AM PDT

Children have an increasing attraction towards electronic media in their play. With video games, phones and the internet in abundance, a new article examines if such leisure activity is impacting children's cognition or academic performance or whether it would be more beneficial to read.

Trying to share our 'epic' moments may leave us feeling left out

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 05:53 AM PDT

We might love to reminisce and tell others about our extraordinary experiences -- that time we climbed Mt. Kilimanjaro, got to taste a rare wine, or ran into a celebrity on the street -- but new research suggests that sharing these extraordinary experiences may come at a social cost.

Teen hormones and cellphones: Sexting leads to increased sexual behavior, study shows

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 05:53 AM PDT

Researchers say that sexting may be the new 'normal' part of adolescent sexual development and is not strictly limited to at-risk teens. The findings are from the first study on the relationship between teenage sexting, or sending sexually explicit images to another electronically, and future sexual activity.

Preschoolers with low empathy at risk for continued problems

Posted: 06 Oct 2014 05:46 AM PDT

A toddler who doesn't feel guilty after misbehaving or who is less affectionate or less responsive to affection from others might not raise a red flag to parents, but these behaviors may result in later behavior problems in 1st grade, researchers say.

Concussions: Getting your head out of the game

Posted: 03 Oct 2014 10:52 AM PDT

Concussions, sometimes referred to as mild traumatic brain injuries, are one of the most commonly encountered sports injuries. Studies vary but rates are estimated at two million sport related concussions per year in the United States.

Parents drive kids' car choices

Posted: 02 Oct 2014 06:24 AM PDT

Children are nearly 40 percent more likely to buy the auto brand their parents did, a study shows. This surprisingly strong correlation could have implications for automakers' marketing efforts. In absence of this inherited brand loyalty, a sensible strategy might be to "invest in young consumers and harvest old consumers" -- that is, lower prices on entry-level vehicles to attract young people and then raise prices on higher-end vehicles once they're hooked on the brand.

Grandparents' support linked to parents' willingness to have additional children, child well-being

Posted: 02 Oct 2014 05:43 AM PDT

Grandparents can significantly influence parents' decisions to have additional children and the well-being of grandchildren, according to a recent study. In his PhD study, a researcher observed that grandparents' help with childcare and emotional support are linked to mothers' willingness to have a second or a third child.

Delayed introduction to gluten appears not to prevent celiac disease in at-risk infants

Posted: 01 Oct 2014 03:57 PM PDT

An international study challenges current thinking on measures to prevent the development of celiac disease in at-risk children, finding that neither breastfeeding or delayed introduction of gluten-containing are protective.

Birth control practices vary by social class, study concludes

Posted: 01 Oct 2014 12:56 PM PDT

A new study of couples living together unmarried finds that the working class and the middle class have significantly different attitudes and approaches toward birth control, helping to explain why unwed births are far less common among the college-educated than their less-educated counterparts. Cohabiting couples in the middle class are more likely to discuss contraception, use effective methods consistently, use two or more methods simultaneously and view childbearing as part of a greater sequence of events in their lives, the study shows.

Many women receive unnecessary pap tests

Posted: 30 Sep 2014 01:06 PM PDT

As many as half to two-thirds of women who've undergone hysterectomies or are older than 65 years report receiving Pap tests for cervical cancer, despite recommendations against it, finds a new study.

More high-risk surgical patients are choosing breast reconstruction procedures after mastectomy

Posted: 30 Sep 2014 10:25 AM PDT

The number of breast cancer patients undergoing immediate breast reconstruction operations after mastectomy has grown steadily over the past 15 years, according to new research. the overall success rate in the high-risk population is over 88 percent, which the study authors consider high, although complications such as implant explantation and flap problems do occur.

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