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Sunday, December 21, 2014

ScienceDaily: Top Environment News

ScienceDaily: Top Environment News

Lost memories might be able to be restored, suggests research into marine snail

Posted: 20 Dec 2014 07:41 AM PST

New research indicates that lost memories can be restored, according to new research into a type of marine snail called Aplysia. The findings offer some hope for patients in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease.

New species found in the deepest trench on Earth

Posted: 20 Dec 2014 01:05 AM PST

Researchers have returned from the first detailed study of the Mariana Trench aboard Schmidt Ocean Institute's research vessel Falkor. The expedition set many new records, including the deepest rock samples ever collected and the discovery of new fish species at the greatest depths ever recorded.

Lengguru 2014 scientific expedition returns

Posted: 19 Dec 2014 10:01 AM PST

Having left on 17th October to produce a biodiversity inventory of the Lengguru karsts in West Papua, the scientists are back after more than a month of exploration both on land and at sea. Lengguru 2014, the largest scientific expedition ever undertaken in Indonesia, enabled the study of several original karst environments and the collection of hundreds of animal and plant species, testifying to a clear indication of the area's rich biodiversity.

Oil palm: A modeled crop

Posted: 19 Dec 2014 07:41 AM PST

Scientists have developed a model for oil palm cultivation, aimed at helping growers of the crop maximize the yields of their plantations, while minimizing detrimental environmental impacts.

Girl Scouts and Energy Efficiency: Scaling climate change communication for behavior change

Posted: 19 Dec 2014 07:41 AM PST

Researchers have developed two curricula for Girl Scouts to use energy more efficiently: one on energy use at home, and the other in transportation and food. Both courses were effective for girls in the short term, and the home energy course was effective for girls in the long term and for parents in the short term. This

Hermit creepy crawlies: Two new taxa of wood-feeding cockroach from China

Posted: 19 Dec 2014 07:40 AM PST

Scientists have found a new species and a new subspecies of cockroach. What makes these creepy crawlies distinctive from the cockroaches most of us know is that they don't infest houses, on the contrary they prefer to live a hermit life hidden away drilling logs, far away from human eyes.

New challenges for ocean acidification research

Posted: 19 Dec 2014 07:40 AM PST

To continue its striking development, ocean acidification research needs to bridge between its diverging branches towards an integrated assessment. Experts reflect on the lessons learned from ocean acidification research and highlight future challenges.

Doctor who survived Ebola received experimental drug treatment

Posted: 18 Dec 2014 05:58 PM PST

On 28 September, 2014, the 38-year old doctor, who was in charge of an Ebola virus treatment unit in Lakka, Sierra Leone, developed a fever and diarrhea. He tested positive for the virus on the same day. The doctor was airlifted to Frankfurt University Hospital on the 5th day of his illness and admitted to a specialized isolation unit. Within 72 hours of admission he developed signs of vascular leakage and severe multi-organ failure, including the lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract. He was placed on a ventilator and on kidney dialysis, and was given antibiotics together with a 3-day course of an experimental drug called FX06—a fibrin-derived peptide that has been shown to reduce vascular leakage and its complications in mice with Dengue hemorrhagic shock.

Multiple allergic reactions traced to single protein

Posted: 17 Dec 2014 11:10 AM PST

A single protein has been identified as the root of painful and dangerous allergic reactions to a range of medications and other substances. If a new drug can be found that targets the problematic protein, researchers say, it could help smooth treatment for patients with conditions ranging from prostate cancer to diabetes to HIV.

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