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Sunday, January 25, 2015

ScienceDaily: Top Health News

ScienceDaily: Top Health News

Friends know how long you'll live, study finds

Posted: 24 Jan 2015 09:08 AM PST

Young lovers walking down the aisle may dream of long and healthy lives together, but close friends in the wedding party may have a better sense of whether those wishes will come true, suggests new research on personality and longevity.

Providing better data on the Ebola virus

Posted: 22 Jan 2015 10:30 AM PST

Researchers are exploring new and innovative methods to solve the complex mystery that is the Ebola virus. A new article studies the use of phylodynamics to discover how the Ebola virus has spread throughout the West African country of Sierra-Leone. Phylodynamics is the study of genetic variations in pathogens, and the effect of such variations on their transmissions.

Using less fish to test chemicals safety

Posted: 22 Jan 2015 10:30 AM PST

A new strategy has been proposed on how to replace, reduce and refine the use of fish in testing of chemicals' effect on flora and fauna in water (aquatic toxicity) and chemicals' uptake and concentration in living organisms (bioaccumulation). Out of the 11.5 million animals used for experimental purposes in the EU (2011 data), cold blooded animals, namely reptiles, amphibians and fish represent 12.4%. In the case of specific testing for toxicological safety assessment, fish represent 18% of the one million animals used.

Rare neurological disease shines light on health of essential nerve cells

Posted: 22 Jan 2015 10:28 AM PST

Pelizaeus Merzbacher disease, or PMD, is a devastating neurological condition that, in its most severe form, kills infants weeks after birth. Thirty years ago, a neuroscientist noticed a genetic mutation in dogs that was practically identical to the disease in humans. Now, that has laid out the results of his marathon pursuit of PMD.

Empowering family caregivers assures successful acute care transitions

Posted: 22 Jan 2015 10:27 AM PST

When hospitals adopt proactive, enhanced care transition interventions to assure that family caregivers are well prepared when patients are discharged, the incidence of adverse outcomes due to communication lapses with clinicians or medication mistakes can be reduced significantly, according to new research.

Dislocating a hip after total hip replacement can be a traumatic experience

Posted: 22 Jan 2015 08:45 AM PST

The prevention of dislocation after total hip replacement plays an important role in the rehabilitation process. Authors describe the risks that need to be addressed after a total hip replacement surgery.

How are student loans affecting the well-being of young adults?

Posted: 22 Jan 2015 08:44 AM PST

Young adults who accumulated higher amounts of debt incurred from student loans reported higher levels of depressive symptoms, even with adjustments for parental wealth, childhood socioeconomic status, and other factors, researchers have found.

New assessment tool to combat oral-systemic disease across the lifespan

Posted: 22 Jan 2015 08:44 AM PST

Educators and clinicians have developed an educational and clinical innovation transitioning the traditional head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (HEENT) examination to the addition of the teeth, gums, mucosa, tongue, and palate examination (HEENOT) for assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of oral -- health problems that they say are systemic.

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