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Friday, November 7, 2014

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

To eat fish or not to eat fish: Pregnant, breastfeeding women ask the question

Posted: 06 Nov 2014 07:40 AM PST

To eat fish or not to eat fish? That is the question for pregnant and breastfeeding women. An expert clarifies this complicated issue in a new article.

Why cliques thrive in some schools more than in others

Posted: 06 Nov 2014 07:19 AM PST

Students in some schools form more cliquish, hierarchical, and segregated social structures than in others. What accounts for the variation? It turns out that the organizational setting of a school itself, its "network ecology," has a big impact. Schools that offer students more choice -- more elective courses, more ways to complete requirements, a bigger range of potential friends, more freedom to select seats in a classroom -- are more likely to be rank ordered, cliquish, and segregated by race, age, gender, and social status.

Vegan diet best for weight loss even with carbohydrate consumption, study finds

Posted: 06 Nov 2014 07:17 AM PST

People shed more weight on an entirely plant based diet, even if carbohydrates are also included, a study has concluded. Other benefits of eating a vegan diet include decreased levels of saturated and unsaturated fat, lower BMIs, and improved macro nutrients.

Mediterranean diets have lasting health benefits

Posted: 06 Nov 2014 05:26 AM PST

The health benefits of switching to a Mediterranean style diet and upping the amount of time spent exercising for a period of just eight weeks can still be seen a year after stopping the regime, a new study has shown.

ADHD-air pollution link: Breathing dirty air during pregnancy raises odds of childhood ADHD-related behavior problems

Posted: 05 Nov 2014 12:45 PM PST

Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAH, a component of air pollution, raises the odds of behavior problems associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, at age 9, according to researchers.

Pediatricians' communication with parents critical to overcoming obesity in Latino children

Posted: 05 Nov 2014 12:45 PM PST

Physician-researchers found that 1-in-5 parents of overweight Latino children is not directly told that the child is overweight. "Special attention should be paid to directly telling Latino families that the child is overweight using family-preferred terms," said researchers. "For example, pediatricians should use phrases such as 'too much weight for his/her health' or 'demasiado peso para su salud,' and avoid terms such as 'fat,' 'heavy,' or 'obese.' "

Research suggests high-fat diets during pregnancy could influence brain functioning, behavior of children

Posted: 05 Nov 2014 09:20 AM PST

A diet high in fat can increase one's risk for diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome; however few studies have assessed the effects of a maternal high fat diet on offspring. New research suggests that a high-fat maternal diet during pregnancy and while breastfeeding could have significant and lasting detrimental effects on the brain function and behavior of children. The study is one of few basic science studies conducted to measure the direct effect of a high-fat maternal diet on the cognitive functioning on offspring.

Can love make us mean? Researchers explore the relationship between empathy and aggression

Posted: 05 Nov 2014 08:23 AM PST

Empathy is among humanity's defining characteristics. Yet under certain circumstances, feelings of warmth, tenderness and sympathy can in fact predict aggressive behaviors, according to new research.

First long-term study on calorie labeling shows strategy effective in reducing weight gain by 50%

Posted: 05 Nov 2014 07:10 AM PST

Recent guidance from the United States' Affordable Care Act and the United Kingdom's Responsibility Deal encourage calorie labeling in chain restaurants, yet there have been mixed results as to the effects of calorie labeling on consumers' meal choices and weight status. This first-ever, long-term study on calorie labeling shows that consistent exposure to prominent calorie labeling of main meals reduced the likelihood of young adults gaining any weight over a one-year period by 50%.

Gender fairness prevails in most fields of academic science

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 07:23 AM PST

A comprehensive new report investigating women's underrepresentation in science, technology, math, and engineering (STEM) fields reveals that, despite many differences between the sexes prior to college -- reflected in occupational preferences, math ability, cultural attitudes, and amount of AP coursework taken, for example -- the playing field eventually levels for women who continue in most of these fields once they earn their PhD.

What happens when a child's stomachache won't go away?

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 05:23 AM PST

At some point, virtually every child gets a stomachache. Fortunately, it's usually short-lived and not cause for concern. But what happens when a child's stomach troubles — including pain and constipation or diarrhea — don't go away? An expert discusses this issue in a new article.

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