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Monday, October 6, 2014

ScienceDaily: Top Health News

ScienceDaily: Top Health News

Study questions the prescription for drug resistance

Posted: 03 Oct 2014 06:43 PM PDT

A new study questions the accepted wisdom that aggressive treatment with high drug dosages and long durations is always the best way to stem the emergence and spread of resistant pathogens. The review of nearly 70 studies of antimicrobial resistance reveals the lack of evidence behind the practice of aggressive treatment in many cases.

Vitamin D significantly improves symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis in children

Posted: 03 Oct 2014 10:54 AM PDT

A study conducted in more than 100 Mongolian schoolchildren found that daily treatment with a vitamin D supplement significantly reduced the symptoms of winter-related atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema.

Discussing alternative medicine choices for better health outcomes

Posted: 03 Oct 2014 10:54 AM PDT

Insight into the use of alternative medicines by pediatric cardiac patients has been gained by new research. This is discussed, as well as how effective they are seen to be, in a new article.

Moderate weekly alcohol intake linked to poorer sperm quality in healthy young men

Posted: 02 Oct 2014 07:12 PM PDT

Moderate alcohol intake of at least 5 units every week is linked to poorer sperm quality in otherwise healthy young men, suggests research. And the higher the weekly tally of units, the worse the sperm quality seems to be, the findings indicate, prompting the researchers to suggest that young men should be advised to steer clear of habitual drinking.

Strong working memory puts brakes on problematic drug use

Posted: 02 Oct 2014 10:11 AM PDT

Adolescents with strong working memory are better equipped to escape early drug experimentation without progressing into substance abuse issues, says a researcher. Most important in the picture is executive attention, a component of working memory that involves a person's ability to focus on a task and ignore distractions while processing relevant goal-oriented information, she says.

New technology isolates tumor cells from blood to optimize cancer therapy

Posted: 02 Oct 2014 10:10 AM PDT

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from breast cancer patients were isolated from blood and grown in the laboratory for extensive genetic analysis. Such analysis enabled the identification of the most effective cancer drug or drug combination for each patient's tumor -- a significant step towards "precision" cancer treatment.

MRSA biofilms in joint fluid make infections tough to tackle

Posted: 02 Oct 2014 09:37 AM PDT

Scientists come one step closer to understanding why joint infections are difficult to treat. Biofilms play a role. "Biofilm formation has been suspected to play a key role during septic arthritis and prosthetic joint infection." said one expert. "This study could help explain why these infections have been so difficult to treat and point to therapeutic approaches that could make antibiotics more effective."

Could there be an end in sight for AIDS?

Posted: 02 Oct 2014 09:34 AM PDT

South Africa is the epicentre of the HIV and AIDS epidemic with a staggering 6.4 million HIV infected citizens. In 1990 the WHO reported just 386 cases in South Africa. Over the next 15 years, despite warnings from scientists and policy makers, a tidal wave of infections ensued.  How can policy and health provision cope to improve the outlook?  A new article strategically examines the whole epidemic and identifies economic, epidemiological, and programmatic points for transition and future improvement.

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