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Wednesday, November 5, 2014

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

Obesity in pregnant women may increase children's risk of kidney, urinary tract problems

Posted: 04 Nov 2014 06:11 AM PST

Obesity in a pregnant woman may increase the risk that her children will be born with congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract, research shows. Congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are diagnosed in up to 1% of pregnancies and account for 20% to 30% of prenatal abnormalities.

Parent intervention best for helping toddlers with autism, study finds

Posted: 04 Nov 2014 06:10 AM PST

For the first time, toddlers with autism have demonstrated significant improvement after intensive intervention by parents rather than clinicians, according to a new study.

Putting batteries in a kidsafe coat of armor

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 01:19 PM PST

Researchers have developed a simple 'coat of armor' to encase small batteries, rendering them harmless if they are ever swallowed.

'Mild' control of systolic blood pressure in older adults is adequate: 150 is good enough

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 11:23 AM PST

A broad review of the use of medications to reduce blood pressure has confirmed that 'mild' control of systolic pressure is adequate for adults age 65 or older -- in the elderly, there's no clear benefit to more aggressive use of medications to achieve a lower pressure.

Thirdhand smoke: Toxic airborne pollutants linger long after smoke clears

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 11:23 AM PST

A new study assessing the health effects of thirdhand smoke constituents present in indoor air. Looking at levels of more than 50 volatile organic compounds and airborne particles for 18 hours after smoking had taken place, they found that thirdhand smoke continues to have harmful health impacts for many hours after a cigarette has been extinguished.

Dance choreography improves girls' computational skills

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 08:42 AM PST

Blending movement and computer programming supports girls in building computational thinking skills, according to an ongoing study. This is important research, as even with increasing demands for computationally savvy workers, there is a lack of representation among women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields (STEM), the researchers say.

Beliefs about soul, afterlife that we acquire as children stick with us

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 08:41 AM PST

Beliefs about the soul and afterlife, acquired in childhood, tend to stick with us. In a study, 348 undergraduate psychology students were asked about their beliefs concerning the soul and afterlife when they were 10 years old, and now. Their answers gave her the students' explicit beliefs -- that is, what the students said they believed now, and what they remembered believing when they were 10.

Clear new evidence for mind-body connection demonstrated in study

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 08:41 AM PST

For the first time, researchers have shown that practising mindfulness meditation or being involved in a support group has a positive physical impact at the cellular level in breast cancer survivors.

School environment affects teacher expectations of their students

Posted: 03 Nov 2014 08:36 AM PST

The school environment in which teachers work is related to their expectations of students, according to a new study. "It is known that low teacher expectations are negatively associated with student achievement and school effectiveness. While we know that expectations are primarily determined by the specific characteristics of teachers, we have shown that the school environment also plays a determining role," says the lead author of the study.

Tweeting a lot to gain popularity is inefficient

Posted: 31 Oct 2014 09:06 AM PDT

The imbalanced structure of Twitter, where some users have many followers and the large majority barely has several dozen followers, means that messages from the more influential have much more impact. Less popular users can compensate for this by increasing their activity and their tweets, but the outcome is costly and inefficient, experts say.

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