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Tuesday, October 21, 2014

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

ScienceDaily: Living Well News

Mental rest and reflection boost learning, study suggests

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 06:27 PM PDT

A new study, which may have implications for approaches to education, finds that brain mechanisms engaged when people allow their minds to rest and reflect on things they've learned before may boost later learning.

Positive subliminal messages on aging improve physical functioning in elderly

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 11:52 AM PDT

Older individuals who are subliminally exposed to positive stereotypes about aging showed improved physical functioning that can last for several weeks, a new study.

Siblings of children with autism can show signs at 18 months

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 11:52 AM PDT

About 20 percent of younger siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder will develop the condition by age 3. A new study has found that 57 percent of these younger siblings who later develop the condition already showed symptoms at age 18 months.

Children who drink non-cow's milk are twice as likely to have low vitamin D

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 10:49 AM PDT

Children who drink non-cow's milk such as rice, almond, soy or goat's milk, have lower levels of vitamin D in their blood than those who drink cow's milk, according to a new study.

Sport in old age can stimulate brain fitness, but effect decreases with advancing age

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 10:49 AM PDT

Physical exercise in old age can improve brain perfusion as well as certain memory skills, say neuroscientists who studied men and women aged between 60 and 77. In younger individuals regular training on a treadmill tended to improve cerebral blood flow and visual memory. However, trial participants who were older than 70 years of age tended to show no benefit of exercise.

Why your brain makes you reach for junk food

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 08:12 AM PDT

Will that be a pizza for you or will you go for a salad? Choosing what you eat is not simply a matter of taste, conclude scientists in a new study. As you glance over a menu or peruse the shelves in a supermarket, your brain is making decisions based more on a food's caloric content.

Sexual preference for masculine men, feminine women is an urban habit

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 07:53 AM PDT

A groundbreaking new study suggests that, rather than being passed down through a long process of social and sexual selection, preferences for masculine men and feminine women is a relatively new habit that has only emerged in modern, urbanized societies.

Work to improve children's health should start before mother becomes pregnant

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 06:01 AM PDT

The key to making future generations healthier could lie before the mother becomes pregnant, researchers believe. In a new article, they say that a greater understanding is needed of the role of maternal nutrition in preconception and its impact on the child, adding that while the evidence published to date provides useful ways to improve the health of children, it also raises many questions.

Medication frequently, unintentionally given incorrectly to young children

Posted: 20 Oct 2014 05:51 AM PDT

A new study shows how often adults make mistakes when giving medication to children. The study found that medication errors occur in a child every eight minutes in the United States, on average, and the numbers are increasing.

Birth season affects your mood in later life, new research suggests

Posted: 18 Oct 2014 05:54 PM PDT

New research shows that the season you are born has a significant impact on your risk of developing mood disorders. People born at certain times of year may have a greater chance of developing certain types of affective temperaments, which in turn can lead to mood disorders.

Could reading glasses soon be a thing of the past?

Posted: 18 Oct 2014 09:26 AM PDT

A thin ring inserted into the eye could soon offer a reading glasses-free remedy for presbyopia, the blurriness in near vision experienced by many people over the age of 40, according to a study. A corneal inlay device currently undergoing clinical review in the United States improved near vision well enough for 80 percent of the participating patients to read a newspaper without disturbing far distance vision needed for daily activities like driving.

Women driven by status, wealth rather than wanting babies, study suggests

Posted: 17 Oct 2014 05:54 PM PDT

Women are more driven to seek wealth and status than they are to reproduce, a new study suggests. The research says although low fertility may seem to go against traditional ideas about evolutionary success, a woman will delay and reduce her fertility if it brings her opportunities for higher status. The findings are based on interviews with 9,000 women in Mongolia, a country that underwent a sudden transition from a Soviet-style state to mass privatization.

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